Culture of Delhi
Delhi, the historical capital of India has always attracted tourists from all over the world. The capital has too much to offer to everyone. In short, Delhi is a picture of India. It seems as if the whole of India has been amalgamated in this small city situated in the northern region of the nation. The city is vibrant with various colours, people are humble and generous, the rich culture, tradition and history, religious places and presents unity in diversity in the finest form. Delhi offers a fascinating blend of modernism with the ancient.
People from each state of India have been migrating to Delhi for livelihood carrying their culture and tradition along. Delhi is a cosmopolitan city boasting of a rich cultural heritage of the native rulers as well foreign rulers. Delhi is a city caught between ancient charm of the remnants and monuments as well as modern sensibilities reflected in the modern and chic lifestyle.
The main components of culture of Delhi include festivals, art, paintings, embroidery, jewellery, handicrafts, cuisine, religion and sports.
Fairs and Festivals
Delhi culture is secular; Hindu, Muslims, Christians, Jains, Buddhists live here peacefully keeping and following their own culture and tradition. The main religious festivals of Delhi celebrated as a tradition of cultural heritage are Diwali (the festival of lights), Guru Nanak’s Birthday , Durga Puja, Holi, Lohri, Maha Shivaratri, Eid and Buddha Jayanti. Qutub festival is a great cultural festival celebrated at Qutub Minar where musicians and dancers perform with great enthusiasm. Other renowned festivals celebrated by different religious sects are Kite Flying Festival, International Mango Festival, Chhath Puja and Vasant Panchami. Even in each year Delhi witnesses regional folk dance competition. People of all states live here; hence Delhi has a multi-cultural society. Every festival is celebrated with fun and frolic and irrespective of caste and religion, everybody joins the festive celebrations.
Due to diverse culture the cuisine of Delhi is also varied. The local people have their North Indian cuisine. The most popular delicacies in Delhi are Punjabi and Mughlai delicacies like kebabs and biryanis. The cosmopolitan population of Delhi enrich its cuisine and its several arrays like Rajasthani, Maharashtrian, Bengali, Hyderabadi cuisines, north-eastern and South Indian food items like Idli, Sambar and Dosa. The popular local delicacies are Chaat and Dahi-Papri. The roadside food outlets in Delhi serve international cuisine including Italian and Chinese. Old Delhi street food is quite famous in Delhi. As India is known as the land of spices, Delhi is the picture of India, so all the cuisines have the best spices added into them and the taste is simply relishing and delicious.
Art and Paintings
Art and paintings is a significant part of the tradition of Delhi. Since the Mughal rule Delhi is a hub of art and paintings; designers always invent something new style of paintings and jewelries. The rich legacies of its rich Mughal past are reflected in old city’s tangle of snaking lanes and teeming bazaars. It still has some regal havelis (palatial residences) from the past. Chandni Chowk market is famous for its jewellery and Zari saris. The renowned arts and crafts of Delhi are the Zardozi (embroidery done with gold thread) and Meenakari (the art of enameling). A wide variety of Indian handicrafts and handlooms are found in the shops of Dilli Haat, Hauz Khas, and Pragati Maidan.
History of Delhi
History of Delhi is interesting and magnificent as the city itself. Considered a strategic trade point, Delhi was always regarded among major cities in Central Asia. Each and every era of Delhi has left reminders of their existence with structures, each having a legendary story to tell.
Tourist attractions in Delhi are aplenty, displaying rich heritage of Indian culture. Delhi travel guide will take you around various historical places in Delhi.
Delhi has been re-built at different sites in and around Delhi. Delhi was home to Hindu rulers who had a major power during 12th century until the invasion of Muslims. Muslim rule was established after Mohammed Gauri defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. There are numerous historical places in Delhi which are always included in a tour guide of the city.
In 1000 B.C during Mahabharatha, Indraprastha was formed by the Pandavas, which is understood to have been around the annex of Purana Quila.
Delhi was on the great national highway that linked the capital of Mauryas, Patliputra (presently Patna in India) with Takshashila (presently Taxila in Pakistan). Buddhist Monks followed the route while traveling to Taxila, highlighting Delhiâ€™s strategic historical importance. In 12th century Prithviraj Chauhan, made Delhi, the Hindu centre in north India.
Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak conquered Delhi in 1193, which was followed by the Khilji rulers who made Delhi, their capital. The second city of Delhi was built at Siri. Tughlaqabad became the third Delhi city built during Ghiyas-Ud-Dinâ€™s reign from 1321-25. Muhammed Bin Tughlak built the fourth city of Jahanpanah, which was going to be shifted to Daulatabad in the Deccan. But Tughlaq decided to focus on Delhi itself. Feroz Shah Tughlak built the fifth city of Ferozabad in 1351 on the banks of Yamuna River. Then the sixth city was dominated by the Lodhiâ€™s, the remains of which can be seen within the Lodhi gardens. The mighty Mughal dynasty with Babar leading the front, dominated Indian subcontinent from 1526 – 1857.Shahjahanabad was the seventh city formed during Shah Jahanâ€™s rule. In 1857, Bahadur Shah Zafar fell to the British during the first war of independence.
The British had firm control over the subcontinent. Britishers, who developed India considerably, shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi, with all activities of freedom struggle headed there. With the slogan â€˜Dilli chaloâ€™, the Azad Hind Fauj marched to Delhi to established Swaraj. The end of British rule in India gave birth to the city of Lutyenâ€™s Delhi or New Delhi.
Best Time to Visit Delhi
Delhi, officially known as the national capital territory of India is the capital city of the Indian sub continent. This small historic city is visited by many tourists from all over the world, throughout the year. The city houses almost everything. It has historical places to visit, religious places- temples, mosques, monasteries, beautifully structures monuments, the Samadhis of famous people, there are water bodies in the place like river Yamuna and several lakes which gives us such a wonderful view and pleasure.
It is always fun to travel to Delhi. But to make the visit more comfortable and pleasurable, it is suggested that the city should be visited in the best time as the summer season of India, will turn you crazy with the scorching heat and the unbearable temperature. The weather conditions of this whole country is unpredictable, in winters the temperature is at its extremes and in summers as well. The summer season stretches from April to mid-October, monsoon season falls in between the summer months. Winter starts in October and the minimum temperature in January is 5 degree C. Peak summer soars to 47 degree Celsius.
WINTER SEASON IS THE BEST TIME TO VISIT DELHI:
Undoubtedly one can visit Delhi throughout the year. But the best time to Delhi travel is from October to mid-April. As during this period the climate is pleasant. Winter is chilly in Delhi as yet the tourist can adjust with the climate.
- Soaring summer is more irritating then the winter. As tourist can have options to wrap up with winter clothes. During the spring seasons city is at its full beauty. During the months of February to April Delhi has a pleasant climate. Winter season is the best time to visit Delhi as the best of Delhi festivals are celebrated during this period. Delhi becomes a vibrant city in the festive season.
- During the period of October to mid-April, the festivals celebrated in Delhi are Diwali, Dussehra, Color festival Holi, Durga Puja, Christmas, New Year, Id-ul-Fitr, Guru Nanakâ€™s birthday, etc. Even the Republic Day celebrated on January 26 is a great event in Delhi. Tourist visiting Delhi at the time can enjoy the grand celebration of Republic day. Delhi is a cosmopolitan city with a heterogeneous cultural society. The different cultural and religion groups celebrate their festivals with great pomp and show. So tourist will like to explore the festive mood of Delhi during this period. One can enjoy these festivals if plans a Delhi tour during this time period.
Days in summer are hot and humid. The maximum temperature soars to 47 degree Celsius. Loo winds sometimes blow in summer. Yet if one can adjust with the soaring heat he can visit Delhi in summer also. Summer is hectic and noisy as the domestic tourists from all over the country visit this city as a holiday tour.
Being a national capital Delhi is a vibrant city throughout the year. All the political and social events take place in the capital city. Besides exploration of the heritage monuments one will have chance to explore the political and social happenings of the city. Delhi tour packages are designed according to the preference of the tourists as some like summer than severe winter. People have choice of climate also. So do plan your Delhi trip according to your choice.